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APE-MEN RECONSTRUCTIONS

The four pages from the Creation Science Movement's pamphlet No. 151 are given (rearranged to reduce the file size) to demonstrate the totally unscientific way in which these artistic imaginations are authoritatively presented as "What your ancestors looked like". Your impression will depend entirely upon which paper you bought that day!

HESPEROPITHECUS (NEBRASKA MAN)

Nebraska Man picture

One tooth was found in Nebraska that was claimed to be half way between man and ape. It received enormous publicity around the world and in Britain, a full page spread of "Nebraska Man" and his wife appeared in the Illustrated London News on 24th June 1922. (This picture is the important part of the full drawing). Notice how every hair on their heads has been carefully drawn - such remarkable insight from one tooth! Later, the site was re-examined and several more teeth were found, and it was eventually admitted that they were from an extinct form of pig! Little publicity was given to THAT fact!

ZINJANTHROPUS BOISEI.

Ape-men reconstructions page 2a
This is the original skull as found
by Louis Leakey in a hundred pieces.
Zinj. - Oakley
As drawn for Dr. K.P. Oakley
by the in-house artist for the
British Natural History Museum
- Maurice Wilson.
Zinj. - Br. Nat Hist Museum
ALSO drawn by Maurice Wilson
for the British N.H. Museum
- two completely different pictures
BOTH drawn by the same artist!
(He was not even consistent
with the same skull!)
Zinj - Sunday Times
As drawn for the Sunday Times
April 5th 1964.
Zinj. - Lond Ill News
As drawn for the Illustrated
London News 9th January 1960
Zinj. Bosei - Origins
As appearing in "Origins" (1977)
by Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin.

JAVA MAN

Java man skull
Dr. Dubois went to the Far East with the deliberate intention of finding the "Missing Link". In Trinil (Java) he found a skull cap of a large gibbon, and a year later, 45 ft away, a human leg bone. He put them together and claimed he had found an upright walking ape - Pithecanthropus erectus.
Java reconstruction
Dubois made this reconstruction of the whole body based upon these two bones only.
Java reconstruction
Many different reconstructions have been made; this is in "Origins" by Leakey and Lewin.

PEKIN MAN (WOMAN?)

pekin skull
This famous link consists only of broken pieces of ape skulls and jaws. With the help of much plaster, five skulls were assembled, and to Skull XI they added a jaw found 80 ft. higher in the excavation. Careful inspection of the skull will show that they have enlarged it by adding plaster of Paris between the pieces to give the "right" volume of brain - approx. 1,000 c.c.'s - half way between man (1,500 c.c's) and ape's (500 c.c.'s) brain capacities!
Pekin plaster cast
From these, they made a plaster cast.
Pekin 'Nellie'
On this cast they modelled the face of a woman - "Nellie". How many would realise that this convincing life-like figure is based upon a few broken pieces of skull and jaw?

RAMAPITHECUS

Ramapithecus jaw
RAMAPITHECUS. This much publicised member of the family only consists of some 30 jaws and teeth! nevertheless.........
Ramapithecus reconstruction
.......... a full reconstruction is given in "Origins" on p. 67. The authors, Richard Leakey and Lewin, say the reconstructions, "...because so few remains have been found, must be very tentative"!

1470 MAN

1470 skull
In 1972, Richard Leakey found a skull in hundreds of pieces. His wife reassembled them to form "Skull 1470" - but unfortunately [?], the vital pieces around the jaws that would have determined if it was ape or man were missing.
1470 - Nat geographic pic
As drawn for the National Geographic Magazine by Matternes.
1470 - Sunday Times pic
As drawn for the Sunday Times 12 Nov. 1972
1470 - Observer pic
As drawn for the Observer 12 Nov. 1972

Don't forget to go to Lambert Dolphin's website

Lambert Dolphin's Library
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